Brushing at least twice daily : one should always make it a fact to brush after every meal or atleast brush twice daily. This will allow less of food particles to stick to your tooth surface resulting in less cavities and more fresh breath. Morning brush should be done after having breakfast and night time after having dinner. No milk, coffee or tea should be taken after brushing has been done.
How to Brush
1. Always use a soft toothbrush for thorough but gentle cleaning. After each meal, or at least twice a day.
2. Hold your brush at a 45-degree angle. Begin by brushing the outside of the front teeth. Use a gentle back -and-forth motion.
3.Next, brush the outside back teeth, steering along the gum line.
4. Inside back teeth: Use short angled brush strokes.
5. Inside front teeth: title the brush vertically; use an up-and-down motion.
6. Chewing surfaces: hold the brush flat. Use a gentle scrubbing motion.
7. Important: always replace your old toothbrush at least every 3-4 months.
Alternative brushing: Please check out the electronic toothbrushes. They can achieve the unmatched cleanness.
This is perhaps one of the most important yet the most ignored procedure done routinely in our lives. While brushing helps in removing the food debris from the outer surfaces of teeth , it is only flossing which can clean the inner joint surfaces of teeth which are one of the major reasons for inner cavities of teeth which result in major problems. It also results in bad breath because of food lodgement in between teeth. So always make it a point to floss at least twice daily.
How to Floss?
1. Wind 18" of floss around your two middle fingers.
2. Gently guide the floss between teeth.
3. To remove plaque and debris, gently move the floss up and down against the tooth.
4. As you move from tooth to tooth, use a fresh section of floss each time.
Bad breath, or halitosis, can be caused by many things. It may be the result of odor-causing foods, tooth decay, periodontal (gum) disease, continued mouth dryness, use of tobacco products, sinus or respiratory infections, some medical disorders, inadequate oral hygiene or some medications. Your dentist can help identify the cause and, if it's due to an oral condition, can develop a treatment plan to eliminate this common source of embarrassment.
Hygiene-related causes for bad breath: What you eat affects the air you exhale. Certain foods, such as garlic and onions, contribute to objectionable breath odor. Once the food is absorbed into the bloodstream, it is transferred to the lungs, where it is expelled. Brushing, flossing and mouthwash will only mask the odor temporarily. Odors continue until the body eliminates the food. Dieters may develop unpleasant breath from infrequent eating.
If you do not brush and floss daily, particles of food remain in the mouth, collecting bacteria, which can cause bad breath. Food that collects between the teeth, on the tongue and around the gums can rot, leaving an unpleasant odor. Dentures that are not cleaned properly can also harbor odor-causing bacteria and food particles.
Diseases-related causes for bad breath:
Bad breath may be the sign of a medical disorder, such as a local infection in the respiratory tract (nose, throat windpipe, lungs), chronic sinusitis, postnasal drip, chronic bronchitis, diabetes, gastrointestinal disturbance, liver or kidney ailment. If your dentist determines that your mouth is healthy, you may be referred to your family doctor or a specialist to determine the cause of bad breath.
Caring for your smile: Brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste to remove food debris and plaque. Brush your tongue, too. Once a day, use floss or an interdental cleaner to clean between teeth. If you wear removable dentures, take them out at night. Clean them thoroughly before replacing them the next morning.
Teeth Clenching (Bruxism)
What is bruxism?
Bruxism is the technical term for forcible grinding and clenching of the teeth. It usually happens at night, during sleep, although some people grind their teeth during the day as well.
What causes bruxism?
Bruxism can have a variety of causes, but the most common are probably emotional factors such as daytime stress, anxiety, anger, pain and frustration. Certain sleep disorders can trigger grinding of the teeth as well. People who are competitive, aggressive, and rushed may also be at greater risk for bruxism. Lastly, alcohol and some types of medications may worsen tooth grinding.
Why bruxism can be a serious problem?
When you chew your food, your deliver a force of about 175 pounds per square inch (psi) to your teeth. But when you grind your teeth at night, there's no food to absorb the impact, so the force on your teeth can be 300 psi or more. That's enough to cause permanent damage to your teeth, including cracked and chipped enamel, hairline fractures, and even wearing down of the teeth to the gumline & loosning of the dental implant screws The enamel may become so worn that the inside of the tooth (called the dentin) is exposed.
If bruxism isn't treated, it can lead to gum damage, loss of both natural teeth and restorations, and other more complicated jaw-related disorders (such as TMJ known disorders). Over time, your teeth may become sensitive due to exposed dentin, and your jaws may even move out of proper balance. Grinding your teeth can also cause a wide variety of other symptoms including soreness and fatigue in your jaw and facial muscles, and earaches or headaches-especially when you wake up in the morning. There is no known cure for bruxism. Fortunately, with night-guard trays there are ways to reduce or stop your grinding and even ways to limit further damage and pain due to grinding.
Do You Grind Your Teeth?
How to find out if you're grinding your teeth?
- Jaw or facial pain and tenderness on awakening that lessens throughout the day
- Headaches or earaches in the morning that go away as the day wears on
- Spouse or sleep partner complains that the noise is keeping them awake at night
- Teeth have become sensitive to cold, pressure, or other stimuli
- Tips of teeth appear flattened
What to do if you think you may be grinding your teeth?
If you think you might be grinding your teeth at night, the first thing to do is visit your dentist to assess any possible damage. It's essential to halt the course of the disease to prevent or arrest damage to your teeth, gums, and jaws.